The subject for today's A to Z knitting is Fair Isle knitting and the hat pictured above is an example of that. Fair Isle or stranded knitting is a method of knitting with two or more colors in the same row by stranding the yarn over the previous color. The other color method you might be familiar with is Intarsia (see "I is for" coming up). The video embedded below is a wonderful tutorial for how to accomplish this form of knitting:
I am adding some patterns including the one above which are free, that you can use to start your journey through color knitting. I am not good at color knitting (hence the video), but I can tell you Fair Isle knitting is far easier than Intarsia in my humble opinion.
YES, this is why we call it PIRATE KNITTING!! ARRGH!!